The research teams of The Brain and Spine Lab (TBSL) at the Department of Anatomy, Jagiellonian University Medical College are engaged in a wide variety of research activities spanning the spectrum of biomedical research. We conduct basic, translational, and clinical science research related to the clinical anatomy, pathology, and function of the brain, spinal cord, spine, and skull. In addition, TBSL has launched a new initiative to explore the oral and maxillofacial anatomy and pathology.


In addition to our lab and clinical studies, we also work closely with our partners at the International Evidence-Based Anatomy Working Group on studies related to the brain, spine, and skull. Through this partnership, we aim to advance anatomical knowledge to reduce the risk of iatrogenic injuries and improve patient outcomes.  


Some of our particular areas of research include:


Brain & Spinal Cord:

Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy of the Cortex, Brainstem, Spinal Cord, and Peripheral Nerves

Meningeal  Structure and Vasculature

Cerebral Vasculature and its Variations

Cerebral Microvasculature and Its Alterations in Neurodegenerative Diseases

Central Nervous System Lymphatic Drainage





Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy of the Spine

Intervertebral Disc Degeneration

Pathological Variations of the Vertebra

Structure, Function, and Pathology of Vertebral End Plates



Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy of the Skull

Pathologic Variations of the Skull


Oral and Maxillofacial:

Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy

Oral and Jaw Pathology

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